Ubuntu Feisty 7.04 manual page repository

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NAME

        english - flag format for English ispell dictionaries
ispell(1)  supports  3 prefix and 14 suffix
        flags.  For a detailed description of how ispell handles flags and cap‐
ispell(5).   This  manual  page only describes flags
        usable in dictionaries built using the english.aff affix file.
 
        In the following discussion of the flags, let # and  @  be  "variables"
        that  can  stand  for  any  letter.   Upper case letters are constants.
        "..." stands for any string of zero or more letters, but note  that  no
        word  may exist in the dictionary which is not at least 2 letters long,
        so, for example, "fly" may not be produced by placing the "Y"  flag  on
        "f".   Also, no flag is effective unless the word that it creates is at
        least 4 letters long, so, for example, "wed" may  not  be  produced  by
        placing the "D" flag on "we".
 
        In  the  following list, an asterisk indicates that a flag participates
ispell(5)).
 
        The meaning of the prefix flags is as follows:
 
        *A
               ... --> re...  as in cover --> recover
 
        *I
               ... --> in...  as in firm --> infirm
 
        *U
               ... --> un...  as in able --> unable
 
        The meaning of the suffix flags is as follows:
 
        V
               ...e --> ...ive  as in create --> creative
               if # .ne. e, ...# --> ...#ive  as in prevent --> preventive
 
        *N
               ...e --> ...ion  as in create --> creation
               ...y --> ...ication  as in multiply --> multiplication
               if # .ne. e or y, ...# --> ...#en  as in fall --> fallen
 
        *X
               ...e --> ...ions  as in create --> creations
               ...y --> ...ications  as in multiply --> multiplications
               if # .ne. e or y, ...# --> ...#ens  as in weak --> weakens
 
        H
               ...y --> ...ieth  as in twenty --> twentieth
               if # .ne. y, ...# --> ...#th  as in hundred --> hundredth
 
        *Y
               ... --> ...ly  as in quick --> quickly
 
        *G
               ...e --> ...ing  as in file --> filing
               if # .ne. e, ...# --> ...#ing  as in cross --> crossing
 
        *J
               ...e --> ...ings  as in file --> filings
               if # .ne. e, ...# --> ...#ings  as in cross --> crossings
 
        *D
               ...e --> ...ed  as in create --> created
               if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@ied  as in  imply  -->
                    implied
               if  # .ne. e or y, or (# = y and @ = a, e, i, o, or u) ...@# -->
                    ...@#ed  as in cross --> crossed or convey --> conveyed
 
        T
               ...e --> ...est  as in late --> latest
               if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@iest  as in dirty  -->
                    dirtiest
               if  # .ne. e or y, or (# = y and @ = a, e, i, o, or u) ...@# -->
                    ...@#est  as in small --> smallest or gray --> grayest
 
        *R
               ...e --> ...er  as in skate --> skater
               if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@ier   as  in  multiply
                    --> multiplier
               if  # .ne. e or y, or (# = y and @ = a, e, i, o, or u) ...@# -->
                    ...@#er  as in build --> builder or convey --> conveyer
 
        *Z
               ...e --> ...ers  as in skate --> skaters
               if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@iers  as  in  multiply
                    --> multipliers
               if  # .ne. e or y, or (# = y and @ = a, e, i, o, or u) ...@# -->
                    ...@#ers  as in build --> builders or slay --> slayers
 
        *S
               if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@ies  as in  imply  -->
                    implies
               if # .eq. s, x, z, or h, ...# --> ...#es  as in fix --> fixes
               if  # .ne. s, x, z, h, or y, or (# = y and @ = a, e, i, o, or u)
                    ...@# --> ...@#s  as in bat --> bats or convey --> conveys
               if @ .ne. a, e, i, o, or u, ...@y --> ...@iness   as  in  cloudy
                    --> cloudiness
               if # .ne. y, or @ = a, e, i, o, or u, ...@# --> ...@#ness  as in
                    late --> lateness or gray --> grayness
 
        *M
               ... --> ...’s  as in dog --> dog’s
 
        To summarize more briefly:
 
        Prefixes:
               *A - re
               *I - in
               *U - un
 
        Suffixes:
               V - ive
               *N - ion, tion, en
               *X - ions, ications, ens
               H - th, ieth
               *Y - ly
               *G - ing
               *J - ings
               *D - ed
               T - est
               *R - er
               *Z - ers
               *S - s, es, ies
               *P - ness, iness
               *M - ’s
ispell(5)
 
ENGLISH(5)
 

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Ubuntu is an African word meaning 'Humanity to others', or 'I am what I am because of who we all are'. The Ubuntu distribution brings the spirit of Ubuntu to the software world.