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Provided by: apache2-utils_2.2.3-3.2build1_i386

 

NAME

        ab - Apache HTTP server benchmarking tool
 

SYNOPSIS

        ab  [  -A  auth-username:password  ]  [  -c  concurrency ] [ -C cookie-
        name=value ] [ -d ] [ -e csv-file ] [ -g gnuplot-file ] [  -h  ]  [  -H
        custom-header  ]  [  -i  ] [ -k ] [ -n requests ] [ -p POST-file ] [ -P
        proxy-auth-username:password ] [ -q ] [ -s ] [ -S ] [ -t timelimit ]  [
        -T content-type ] [ -v verbosity] [ -V ] [ -w ] [ -x <table>-attributes
        ] [ -X proxy[:port] ] [ -y <tr>-attributes ]  [  -z  <td>-attributes  ]
        [http://]hostname[:port]/path
 

SUMMARY

        ab  is  a tool for benchmarking your Apache Hypertext Transfer Protocol
        (HTTP) server. It is designed to give you an  impression  of  how  your
        current  Apache  installation  performs.  This especially shows you how
        many requests per second your Apache installation is capable  of  serv‐
        ing.
 

OPTIONS

        -A auth-username:password
               Supply BASIC Authentication credentials to the server. The user‐
               name and password are separated by a single : and  sent  on  the
               wire  base64  encoded.  The string is sent regardless of whether
               the server needs  it  (i.e.,  has  sent  an  401  authentication
               needed).
 
        -c concurrency
               Number of multiple requests to perform at a time. Default is one
               request at a time.
 
        -C cookie-name=value
               Add a Cookie: line to the request. The argument is typically  in
               the form of a name=value pair. This field is repeatable.
 
        -d     Do  not  display  the  "percentage served within XX [ms] table".
               (legacy support).
 
        -e csv-file
               Write a Comma separated value (CSV) file which contains for each
               percentage  (from 1% to 100%) the time (in milliseconds) it took
               to serve that percentage of the requests. This is  usually  more
               useful  than  the  ’gnuplot’  file;  as  the results are already
               ’binned’.
 
        -g gnuplot-file
               Write all measured values out as a ’gnuplot’ or TSV  (Tab  sepa‐
               rate  values)  file. This file can easily be imported into pack‐
               ages like Gnuplot, IDL, Mathematica, Igor  or  even  Excel.  The
               labels are on the first line of the file.
 
        -h     Display usage information.
 
        -H custom-header
               Append  extra  headers to the request. The argument is typically
               in the form of a valid header line, containing a colon-separated
               field-value pair (i.e., "Accept-Encoding: zip/zop;8bit").
 
        -i     Do HEAD requests instead of GET.
 
        -k     Enable  the  HTTP  KeepAlive  feature,  i.e.,  perform  multiple
               requests within one HTTP session. Default is no KeepAlive.
 
        -n requests
               Number of requests to perform for the benchmarking session.  The
               default  is to just perform a single request which usually leads
               to non-representative benchmarking results.
 
        -p POST-file
               File containing data to POST.
 
        -P proxy-auth-username:password
               Supply BASIC Authentication credentials to a proxy en-route. The
               username  and  password  are separated by a single : and sent on
               the wire base64  encoded.  The  string  is  sent  regardless  of
               whether  the proxy needs it (i.e., has sent an 407 proxy authen‐
               tication needed).
 
        -q     When processing more than 150 requests, ab  outputs  a  progress
               count  on  stderr  every  10% or 100 requests or so. The -q flag
               will suppress these messages.
 
        -s     When compiled in (ab -h will show you)  use  the  SSL  protected
               https  rather than the http protocol. This feature is experimen‐
               tal and very rudimentary. You probably do not want to use it.
 
        -S     Do not display the median and  standard  deviation  values,  nor
               display  the  warning/error messages when the average and median
               are more than one or two times the standard deviation apart. And
               default to the min/avg/max values. (legacy support).
 
        -t timelimit
               Maximum  number  of  seconds  to  spend  for  benchmarking. This
               implies a -n 50000 internally. Use this to benchmark the  server
               within  a  fixed  total  amount of time. Per default there is no
               timelimit.
 
        -T content-type
               Content-type header to use for POST data.
 
        -v verbosity
               Set verbosity level - 4 and above prints information on headers,
               3  and above prints response codes (404, 200, etc.), 2 and above
               prints warnings and info.
 
        -V     Display version number and exit.
 
        -w     Print out results in HTML tables. Default table is  two  columns
               wide, with a white background.
 
        -x <table>-attributes
               String to use as attributes for <table>. Attributes are inserted
               <table here >.
 
        -X proxy[:port]
               Use a proxy server for the requests.
 
        -y <tr>-attributes
               String to use as attributes for <tr>.
 
        -z <td>-attributes
               String to use as attributes for <td>.
 

BUGS

        There are various statically declared buffers of fixed length. Combined
        with the lazy parsing of the command line arguments, the response head‐
        ers from the server and other external inputs, this might bite you.
 
        It does not implement HTTP/1.x  fully;  only  accepts  some  ’expected’
strstr(3) shows up top in
        profile, which might indicate a performance problem;  i.e.,  you  would
        measure the ab performance rather than the server’s.
 

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